Journal article

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Abstract: 

An approach to model spatial asymmetrical relations between indicators is presented in a pluri-Gaussian framework. The underlying gaussian random functions are modelled using the linear model of co-regionalization, and a spatial shift is applied to them. Analytical relationships between the two underlying gaussian variograms and the indicator covariances are developed for a truncation rule with three facies and cut-off at 0. The application of this truncation rule demonstrates that the spatial shift on the underlying gaussian functions produces asymmetries in the modelled 1D facies sequences. For a general truncation rule, the indicator covariances can be computed numerically, and a sensitivity study shows that the spatial shift and the correlation coefficient between the gaussian functions provide flexibility to model the asymmetry between facies. Finally, a case study is presented of a Triassic vertical facies succession in the Latemar carbonate platform (Dolomites, Northern Italy) composed of shallowing-upward cycles. The model is flexible enough to capture the different transition probabilities between the envi- ronments of deposition and to generate realistic facies successions.

Publication date: 
Wednesday, March 8, 2017