Heterogeneities in evaporite seals and associated controlling processes. Hydrocarbon research, exploration, development, and operations. Carbon capture and storage operations. Quantitative geometry and spatial distribution of mineral deposits. Ore deposit exploration and research. Stratigraphy, sedimentology, facies analysis, tectonics and sedimentation. Analyzing the sedimentary architecture of sedimentary depositional systems at many scales, using outcrop and subsurface data.